Most Common Types of Cancer

It is an unfortunate trend that cancer rates seem to be rising over the years. Almost everyone now knows someone personally who has struggled with cancer, or has struggled with it themselves. There are many different types, but some a more common than others. Here are a few of the most common types of cancer in the United States today:

Skin Cancer

Between melanoma and non-melanoma types, skin cancer is the single most common type of cancer in America. It is remarkable that, in the face of this statistic, tanning salons still have their doors open all over the country. Fortunately, the two non-melanoma types of skin cancer, basal cell and squamous cell, are curable. Melanoma is the more rare type, but it is also more deadly. Only about 5 percent of people with skin cancer are diagnosed with the melanoma type, but 75 percent of skin cancer related deaths are caused by melanoma.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer is the second most common type of cancer, and unfortunately it is very deadly as well. Lung cancer is responsible for about 28 percent of all cancer-related deaths in the United States. The expected 5-year survival rate for people with all stages of lung cancer is a dismal 16 percent. That number is very discouraging, but for cases that were able to be detected while the disease was still localized, that number increases to 53 percent. Smoking is the most significant risk factor for developing lung cancer.

Prostate Cancer

An estimated 1 in 6 men will develop prostate cancer during their lifetime. Excluding skin cancer, it is the most commonly diagnosed type of cancer among men, as well as the second most common cause of death in men overall. Approximately 241,740 new cases were diagnosed in 2012 with an estimated 28,170 men expected to die from the disease in the year. Early detection is critical, but it often goes undiagnosed for a long time in men who are not willing to participate in screenings or routine examinations.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer affects both women and men, though it affects women more often. Excluding skin cancer, it is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women. After lung cancer which is number one, breast cancer is the second most prevalent cause of death in women.

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in both men and women. It accounted for about 9 percent of all deaths in 2012.

Renal Cancer

This type of cancer affecting the kidneys is attributed to risk factors such as tobacco use, obesity, and hypertension.

Bladder Cancer

In all stages of bladder cancer, the five-year relative survival rate is 80 percent. Surgery, either alone or in conjunction with other treatments, is used in 90 percent of cases. A common symptom leading to the diagnosis of this type of cancer is blood in the urine, so you should never ignore that symptom.